About the Authors
Chapter 1: The Science of Mind-The Discipline of Psychology
What Is Psychology?
Why Do We Study Psychology?
Where Did Psychology Originate?
How Did the Science of Psychology Begin?
What Are Psychological Perspectives?
What Does It Mean to Be a Psychologist?
Chapter 2: The Measure of Mind-Methods of Psychology
What Is Science?
How Do Psychologists Conduct Research?
How Do We Draw Conclusions from Data?
How Can We Conduct Ethical Research?
Chapter 3: The Evolving Mind-Nature and Nurture Intertwined
Why Do We Say That Nature and Nurture Are Intertwined?
What Are the Building Blocks of Behavior?
Which Fields of Genetics Are Relevant to Psychology?
How Does Evolution Occur?
How Does Evolution Influence Behavior?
Chapter 4: The Biological Mind-The Physical Basis of Behavior
What Is Biological Psychology?
How Is the Nervous System Organized?
What Are the Structures and Functions of the Central Nervous System?
The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) and the Endocrine System
How Do Neurons Communicate?
Chapter 5: The Perceiving Mind-Sensation and Perception
How Does Sensation Lead to Perception?
How Do We See?
How Do We Hear?
How Do We Feel Body Position, Touch, Temperature, and Pain?
How Do We Process Smells and Tastes?
Chapter 6: The Aware Mind-Elements of Consciousness
What Does It Mean to Be Conscious?
What Happens to Consciousness During Waking and Sleep?
How Is Consciousness Affected by Brain Damage?
How Do People Intentionally Alter Their States of Consciousness?
Chapter 7: The Feeling Mind-Emotion and Motivation
How Are Emotion and Motivation Related?
Why Are We Emotional?
What Does It Mean to Be Motivated?
Chapter 8: The Adaptive Mind-Learning
How Do Animals Respond to Their Environment?
What Are the Three Main Types of Learning?
What Is Classical Conditioning?
What Is Operant Conditioning?
What Is Observational Learning?
Chapter 9: The Knowing Mind-Memory
What Is Memory?
How Are Memories Processed?
What Are the Different Types of Long-Term Memory?
How Is Long-Term Memory Organized?
How Do We Retrieve Memories?
Why Do We Forget?
What Is the Biology of Memory?
How Can We Improve Memory?
Chapter 10: The Thinking Mind-Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
What Do We Think About?
How Do We Solve Problems?
How Does Language Influence Behavior?
What Is Intelligence?
Chapter 11: The Developing Mind-Life Span Development
What Does It Mean to Develop?
How Do We Change Prenatally?
What Can Newborns Do?
What Physical Changes Occur in Infancy and Childhood?
How Does Cognition Change During Infancy and Childhood?
How Do Social and Emotional Behaviors Change During Infancy and Childhood?
What Does It Mean to Be an Adolescent?
What Is It Like to Be an Emerging or Young Adult?
What Happens During Midlife?
What Is Late Adulthood Like?
Chapter 12: The Individual Mind-Personality and the Self
What Is Personality?
Historical Approaches to Personality
How Do Trait Theories Explain Personality?
How Do Situations Affect Personality?
What Are the Biological Bases of Personality?
How Do We Assess Personality?
What Does It Mean to Have a Self?
Chapter 13: The Connected Mind-Social Psychology
Why Are Humans So Social?
How Accurate Are First Impressions?
Why Did That Just Happen?
How Are Our Attitudes Influenced by Others?
Why Does Persuasion Happen?
Why Are We Prejudiced?
Why Do We Go Along with the Group?
How Do Groups Work Together?
How Well Do We Get Along with Others?
Why Do We Cooperate in Some Situations and Compete in Others?
Why Are We Aggressive?
Chapter 14: The Troubled Mind-Psychological Disorders
What Does It Mean to Have a Psychological Disorder?
How Are Psychological Disorders Diagnosed?
What Do the Psychological Perspectives Tell Us About Disorders?
Which Disorders Emerge in Childhood?
What Is Schizophrenia?
What Is Bipolar Disorder?
What Is Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)?
What Is an Anxiety Disorder?
OCD and Related Disorders
What Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?
What Are Dissociative Disorders?
What Are Somatic Symptom Disorder and Related Disorders?
What Are Personality Disorders?
Chapter 15: Healing the Troubled Mind-Therapy
How Do Psychologists Provide Therapy?
Historical Approaches to Psychotherapy
Contemporary Approaches to Psychotherapy
What Are Biological Therapies?
How Are Specific Disorders Treated?
Chapter 16: The Healthy Mind-Stress and Coping, Health Psychology, and Positive Psychology
What Is Stress?
What Are the Biological and Social Correlates of Stress?
How Does Stress Affect Our Health?
How Can We Cope Effectively With Stress?
What Is the Relationship Between Psychology and Health?
What Is Positive Psychology?