By centering its attention on the measurement of the human body and its parts, anthropometry uses diverse methods and instruments, and is useful for a variety of purposes. In a permanently changing world, with science having a fundamental role in modern societies, this book gathers important anthropometric related research from around the globe in a wide field of applications. Readers will be able to get closer to experimental data and literature reviews on different areas, from medical dentistry and podiatry to health and sport sciences. This book will be of interest to graduates, teachers, researchers and general workers in medicine, kinesiology, ergonomics, orthopaedics, motor development and sport sciences and health. In addition, coaches and strength and conditioning staff can use this data to improve the training process. The fifteen chapters allow a better grasp on the science behind anthropometrics and permit to make the bridge between theory and practice by revisiting basic theory and introducing highly specialized topics. Chapters feature helpful tables and illustrations, and a wide list of bibliographic references and key points are presented in the Conclusion for ease of comprehension.